a. Targeted Killings of Kashmiri Pandits in the Valley – Published: 4 July 2022
The author carried a “deep dive” investigation into the recent targeted killings of Kashmiri Pandits (KP’s), after the gruesome killing of Mr. Rahul Bhat, a government employee of the Jammu Kashmir Union Territory, who was killed in his government office, located within a government building, by terrorists on May 12, 2022. Mr. Bhat’s unfortunate killing was preceded assassinations of other KP’s and the spate of killings continue.
The brief investigatory report prepared by the author received considerable exposure in the valley and was distributed to the national security agencies in India.
The Summary findings are:
- Targeted killings are facilitated by the “Overground Workers” OGW’s with connivance of a few anti-national mid-level government bureaucrats affiliated with Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI), while most bureaucrats look the other way out of a concern (or fear) for their personal safety.
- KP’s were off the target list as long as the supreme leader of the JeI in the valley was in charge of the resistance front. That period ended as the supremo stepped down because of his declining health and eventually passed away.
- Success in dismantling the terror eco-system will depend to a great degree on eradication of the OGW’s and their linkages within the official bureaucracy. That effort is currently hampered by a disconnect between local officers and their non-local superiors (on deputation) at the district level. The policing architecture must change to efficiently root out the anti-national elements within the bureaucracy as well as on the outside.
- The security situation has improved because the traditional nexus between the police and politicians has been broken. After the elections, the situation will deteriorate to the detriment of minorities. If the State status is returned to the Union Territory without destroying the OGW-Bureaucrat nexus, it will spell doom for the minorities in the valley.
To read the full report, please click here
The full version of the report was posted by the Kashmir newspaper, BRIGHTER KASHMIR, in two parts on July 7, 2020. The links are noted below.
A summary version of the report was published by the Kashmir Newspaper, KASHMIR IMAGES on July 4, 3022:
b. A Discussion on Stalemate in Kashmir – Published 21 March 2021
The text of the author’s video speech in an intercommunity dialogue between Kashmiri Muslims and Pandits in a webinar arranged by the Wolur TV (U.K.). The author is of the opinion that Kashmiri Muslims were surprised by the actions taken by the Indian Parliament in August 2019 regarding the revocation of the Article 370 and 35A because the majority community in the valley is so immersed in its own isolated bubble that it is impervious to the polity of India. Taking its cues from Pakistan and various imaginary global conspiracies related to Kashmir involving the United Nations (UN) and the major powers, Kashmiri Muslim intelligentsia had convinced itself that India is incapable of changing the political architecture of the State on its own.
The author has for the last decade made a common point at various seminars on Kashmir that the situation is Kashmir was becoming so untenable for the Union of India that it was only a matter of time before the political leadership in New Delhi would step in and make some extra-ordinary changes to prevent Kashmir from becoming another Chechnya. The change eventually occurred by two momentous Indian Parliamentary resolutions on 5-6 August 2019.
Some changes made in the governance of the former state are practically irrevocable. But the Union Territory can revert back to a State when certain criteria are met. These are mentioned in my lecture.
To read the text of author’s presentation, please click here:
The Presentation mentions 4 slides taken from an author’s presentation made in 2012. That presentation can be accessed here:
To view the webinar on Facebook click here.
c. A Solemn Remembrance of a Night in Infamy – Published: 19 January 2020
Author’s video speech at a meeting organized by the Indo-European Kashmir Forum (IEKF), in U.K. marking the 30th anniversary of the forced exile/Exodus of the Pandit minority from their ancestral homeland, Kashmir. In attendance was the Rt. Hon. Marcus Jones, MP. Mr. Jones is the Assistant Whip of the ruling Conservative Party in the U.K. Parliament headed by the Prime Minister Mr. Boris Johnson.
A new phase of wanton harassment and violence against Pandits began in February 1986 when a number of Hindu temples and hundreds of Pandit homes were destroyed by arson in the Southern district of Anantnag in Kashmir. The culprits from the majority Muslim community were provoked by local politicians. The violence against Pandits escalated after the first batch of trained Islamic terrorists returned from Pakistan. First targeted killings of Pandits took place in 1987, followed by gruesome incidents of violence involving rapes and murders of community leaders. But if there were any lingering doubts in the fearful minority about their safety and security, all those doubts were laid to rest on the night of January 19, 1990.
d. Creating A Welcome Space for Kashmiri Pandits in the Valley – Published: 26 September 2012
The publicity machine of the Chief Minister hailed the meeting that Mr. Omar Abdullah held with a group of Kashmiri Pandits on 18th September 2012 in Srinagar, describing the meeting in glowing terms and re-affirming Mr. Abdullah’s pledge that the “Government will do whatever possible for their return and rehabilitation.” An English daily in Srinagar, in an editorial on 20th September, noted that J&K Government efforts so far have amounted to “mere lip service.” The 18th September meeting was actually a disaster. Here is why.
e. Pakistanization of Kashmir – Published: 16 July 2010
When a prominent pro-separatist newspaper in Srinagar issued a statement under the heading Introspect on 15th July, it merely confirmed a growing concern among Kashmiris that the valley is headed towards anarchy. Without clear goals for incessant protests and strikes, the opposition leaders (from Islamist-separatist groups to pro-India parties out of power) are steering the valley to economic ruin without securing any tangible results in return. At the same time, a weak ruling coalition government is unable to control the law and order situation and instead conveys confusing messages intended to obfuscate the seriousness of the ground situation in the valley. If it sounds a bit like the situation in Pakistan, it actually is.
f. The Role of Civil Society in Kashmir – Published 30 April 2009
Civil society plays a critical role in nation building and human development. Local societal issues in Kashmir, unrelated to regional politics, cannot not be subsumed or ignored until the Kashmir problem is resolved. The civil society in Kashmir faces a challenge in reorienting its agenda to address a wide spectrum of local issues and thereby enhance its appeal and relevance to various sections of the society.
g. The True Meaning of Kashmiriyat – Published 6 January 2009
Invited paper submitted for inclusion in Professor Fida M. Hassnain’s upcoming book on Kashmiriyat. The author provides a historical perspective of crucial events that have shaped Kashmir’s unique identity which is under a severe strain today.
h. Conflict, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Kashmir – Published: 19 September 2008
Presentation at a meeting organized by the Interfaith International on the sidelines of the ninth session of the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council in Geneva.
i. An Imperfect Storm: The Summer 2008 Uprising in Kashmir – Published: 19 July 2008
Unlike the sustained uprising in Kashmir in 1990 which was mostly orchestrated by Pakistani trained operatives, the uprising in the summer of 2008 was mostly indigenous, spontaneous and massive. Yet it began and died after ten days of bloody upheaval under rather strange circumstances. What prevented the latest insurgency from becoming a “perfect storm?” The author conducts a post-mortem of the uprising.
j. Presentation on the Kashmir Dispute at the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution – Published: 08 November 2007
Presentation at the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution during the conference entitled “The Role of the International Community In Resolving the Kashmir Dispute”, George Mason University, Virginia, USA.
k. Economic Pathways to Normalization in Kashmir– Published: 20 July 2004
A critical review of past, present and future choices during a speech by Dr. Sazawal at the US Institute for Peace (USIP) in Washington, DC.
l. CBMs: Help or Hindrance for Resolving Kashmir Conflict? – Published: 24 February 2005
Text of speech delivered at the International Kashmir Peace Conference entitled “Peace Initiative in South Asia: Exploring Possible Options for Kashmir”, organized by the Kashmiri American Council, (KAC) held in New York City on February 24-25, 2005.
m. The Kashmir Dispute and Building a Peaceful South Asia – Published: 14 July 2005
Text of Dr. Sazawal’s speech at the Kashmiri American Council (KAC) seminar hosted in Washington, D.C.
n. Can the Youth Succeed if Elders Have Failed Them? – Published: 9 August 2005
Kashmiri youth face many challenges today. Apart from traditional challenges faced by the younger generation in any society, Kashmiri youth have to bear the undue burden of growing in a culture of violence and fractured civil order. Even more debilitating is the euphoria in the civil society for role models who have done nothing to merit recognition other than create mayhem and disorder. In effect, parenting has taken on a whole new meaning in today’s Kashmir.
o. Human Security for Kashmiri Pandits – Published: 21 April 2004
The author was approached by certain Kashmiri Muslim participants attending the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) session in Geneva on April 8, 2004 seeking his views regarding the return of displaced Kashmiri Pandits for publication in an English periodical published in Srinagar. The following is an abbreviated version of the paper provided to the publisher.
p. A Symmetrical Inter-constitutent Dialogue – Published: 22 April 2002
A letter sent to the U.S. government officials in the National Security Council (NSC) and the State Department following interactions with Kashmiri Muslims in Geneva and a meeting with a senior Pakistani official in Washington, DC. The letter identifies key human rights and political issues on both sides of the divided Jammu and Kashmir, and proposes concurrent inter-comunity dialogue on both sides with specific goals to establish consensus positions for future negotiations with India and Pakistan.
q. Communication Exchange with PRIO, Norway – Published: 27 May 2002
The feedback from the U.S. government to the author’s proposal for a “Symmetrical Inter-constituent Dialogue” (as noted in the earlier article), resulted in an interesting exchange with a world famous peace and conflict resolution think tank called, “International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO)” based in Norway. The director of PRIO found author’s proposal for a political dialogue worthy of follow-up but indicated a need for budgetary support to initiate such a dialogue.
r. The Fall And Rise Of Farooq Abdullah – Published: 01 October 1996
On June 20. 1994 Dr. Farooq Abdullah, the erstwhile chief minister of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. and I were invited by the Jammu & Kashmir Peace Committee to speak at a function held in the British Parliament with Sir Gerard Vaughan, MP presiding.